How Many Countries Are A Part Of The Paris Agreement

Trump – a climate denier who claimed climate change was a “scam” committed by China – announced in June 2017 his intention to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement. But despite the rose garden president`s statement that “we`re going out,” it`s not that simple. The withdrawal process requires the agreement to be in force for three years before a country can formally announce its intention to withdraw. It will be a year before leaving the pact. This means that the United States would not be able to officially withdraw until November 4, 2020, the day after the presidential elections. Even a formal withdrawal would not necessarily be permanent, experts say; A future president could return in just one month. The Kyoto Protocol, a pioneering environmental agreement adopted at COP3 in Japan in 1997, is the first time that nations have agreed on legal country-specific emission reduction targets. The protocol, which only entered into force in 2005, set binding emission reduction targets only for industrialized countries, arguing that they were responsible for most of the world`s high greenhouse gas emissions. The United States initially signed the agreement, but never ratified it; President George W. Bush argued that the deal would hurt the U.S. economy because developing countries like China and India would not be involved. Without the participation of these three countries, the effectiveness of the treaty has proven to be limited, as its objectives cover only a small fraction of total global emissions.

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