Us Safe Third Country Agreement

An agreement with El Salvador: The Salvadoran government has agreed to take in asylum seekers returned from the United States. Under the agreement, any asylum seeker who is not a national of El Salvador could be returned to El Salvador and forced to apply for asylum there. To date, the United States is the only country considered by Canada to be a safe third country under immigration and refugee protection law. The agreements imply an obligation to develop the capacity of the asylum system in these countries, as both El Salvador and Honduras (such as Guatemala and Mexico) are unable to offer protection to groups seeking asylum in the United States, the majority of whom are their citizens. The Safe Third Country Agreement is not a treaty subject to congressional approval and can be signed and adopted unilaterally by the president. This has allowed the Trump administration to bypass Congress and the courts, impose new restrictions on asylum seekers, stem migration to the United States, and move to the U.S. obligation to welcome asylum seekers to other countries. Under the Safe Third Country Agreement (STCA), refugee claimants arriving under a formal Canada-U.S. agreement may be turned back and invited to seek asylum in the country where they arrived. The United States has signed its first “safe third country” agreement with Canada.

If you travel across the United States to claim asylum in Canada or vice versa, you will be rejected because the United States and Canada are considered safe enough for asylum seekers and are equipped to process asylum and refugee claims fairly. “Stay in Mexico”: Instead of an agreement on safe third countries with Mexico, the Trump administration has been implementing its “stay in Mexico” policy since January 2019. The policy requires Central Americans seeking asylum to return indefinitely to Mexico while their claims are processed. The “Stay in Mexico” policy is a clear violation of both U.S. and international law, but the Supreme Court has allowed prosecution while its validity is being challenged in court. Although the United States has not signed an explicit agreement with Mexico, DHS has confirmed that Mexican asylum seekers will also be accommodated in people affected by agreements with other countries. Ahmed Hussen, who was speaking for IRCC as a Canadian minister, said the conditions of the safe third country agreement remained met. Canada`s ruling Liberal Party has not communicated any plans or intentions to suspend the agreement. [21] The CCR continues to demand that the Canadian government withdraw from the Safe Third Country Agreement. . . .

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